Chopin: His contemporaries and his instruments

Chopin: His contemporaries and his instruments
Composer Frédéric Chopin
Artist Bart van Oort piano
Costantino Mastroprimiano piano
Jan Vermeulen fortepiano
Format 6 CD
Cat. number 94048
EAN code 5028421940489
Release June 2010

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About this release

This set charts not only the development of the Nocturne as a musical form, but also the development of the piano from the closing years of the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries. Two great ‘piano schools’ had emerged, each having some of the greatest performers and composers of the day associated with them. Some of these composers were highly successful businessmen as well – Clementi and Pleyel in particular established highly successful piano manufacturing and music publishing firms.

The English school, with its powerful instruments (of which the pianos of John Broadwood and Co are the best examples) enabled London based composers such as Cramer, Clementi and Dussek to write music with a singing almost bel canto quality. These large instruments had sustaining pedals long before the lighter, crisper sounding Vienese school pianos. Composers such as Hummel and Kalkbrenner were equally happy on either, but Hummel (a pupil of Mozart and friend of Beethoven) had a preference for the Viennese instrument as it managed to sound well against an orchestra, and it’s action was lighter and quicker than the English pianos.

Chopin was greatly influenced by Clementi’s Irish pupil John Field. Field pioneered – indeed invented the musical nocturne, and Chopin played Field’s music throughout his life, eventually meeting him in 1833. The irascible and often drunk Field didn’t warm to Chopin: ‘he has the talent of the sick room’.

Also included on these CDs are nocturnes and works by composers contemporaneous with Chopin – all the Field nocturnes performed on a Broadwood, and the great Third Sonata of Weber, a highly virtuosic work that displays the Viennese piano admirably. A generous selection of Chopin’s nocturnes and mazurkas and his early works complete this fascinating survey of piano music from the years between 1810 and 1850.

Other information:
- Comprehensive booklet notes included.
- Featuring many rare works.

Track list

Disk

Disk 1

  1. Nocturne in E flat H24 (1812)
  2. Nocturne in C Minor H25 (1812)
  3. Nocturne in A flat H26 (1812)
  4. Nocturne in A H36 (1817)
  5. Nocturne in B flat H37 (1817)
  6. Nocturne in F H40 (1817)
  7. Nocturne in C H45 (1821)
  8. Nocturne in A H14e (1813/1831)
  9. Nocturne in E flat H30 (1815)
  10. Nocturne in E Minor H46b (1821/1822)
  11. Nocturne in E flat H56a (1833)
  12. Nocturne in G H58d (1833)
  13. Nocturne in D Minor H59 (1834)
  14. Nocturne in F H62a (1836)
  15. Nocturne in E H54f (c.1835)

Disk 2

  1. Nocturne Op.9 No.1 in B flat Minor
  2. Nocturne Op.9 No.2 in E flat
  3. Nocturne Op.9 No.3 in B
  4. Nocturne Op.72 No.1 in E Minor
  5. Nocturne Op.15 No.1 in F
  6. Nocturne Op.15 No.2 in F sharp
  7. Nocturne Op.15 No.3 in G Minor
  8. Nocturne Op.32 No.1 in B
  9. Nocturne Op.32 No.2 in A flat
  10. Nocturne Op.62 No.1 in B
  11. Nocturne Op.62 No.2 in E
  12. Nocturne in C sharp Minor Op. posth.

Disk 3

  1. Nocturne Op.27 No.1 in C sharp Minor
  2. Nocturne Op.27 No.2 in D flat
  3. Nocturne Op.37 No.1 in G Minor
  4. Nocturne Op.37 No.2 in G
  5. Nocturne Op.48 No.1 in C Minor
  6. Nocturne Op.48 No.2 in F sharp Minor
  7. Nocturne Op.55 No.1 in F Minor
  8. Nocturne Op.55 No.2 in E flat
  9. Nocturne in C Minor Op. posth.

Disk 4

  1. Les Soupirs de la Harpe Eolienne: Nocturne alla Field in B flat
  2. Nocturne in A flat Op.121 No.1
  3. Nocturne in F Op.121 No.2 (à trois mains)
  4. Nocturne in F Op.6 No.2 (Soireés musicales)
  5. Nocturne in D flat Op.54 ‘Les Cloches du monastère’
  6. Nocturne in D flat Op.1 ‘Première pensée’
  7. Nocturne in B Op.22
  8. Notturnino innamorato in F sharp Minor Op.63 no 43
  9. Nocturne in E flat
  10. Nocturne in A flat ‘La Murmure’
  11. Nocturne in G Minor Op.21 No.1
  12. Nocturne in E flat Op.21 No.2
  13. Nocturne in F Minor Op.24 No.1
  14. Nocturne in D flat Op.24 No.2
  15. Nocturne in G Minor ‘Pozegnanie’

Disk 5

  1. Early Works: Polonaise in A flat (dedicated to Zywny) (1821)
  2. Early Works: Rondo in C Minor Op.1 (1825)
  3. Early Works: Mazurka in G (1825–6)
  4. Early Works: Mazurka in B flat (1825–6)
  5. Early Works: Polonaise in B flat Minor (1826)
  6. Early Works: Rondo à la Mazur in F Op.5 (1826)
  7. 3 Polonaises Op.71 (1827–9): in D Minor
  8. 3 Polonaises Op.71 (1827–9): in F Minor
  9. 3 Polonaises Op.71 (1827–9): in B flat
  10. 3 Polonaises Op.71 (1827–9): Polonaise in G flat (1829)
  11. 3 Polonaises Op.71 (1827–9): Variations in A ‘Souvenir de Paganini’ (1829)
  12. 3 Polonaises Op.71 (1827–9): ‘Casta Diva’ from Bellini’s Norma (transcription for P. Viardot)

Disk 6

  1. Mazurka Op.17 No.4 in A Minor
  2. Mazurka Op.24 No.1 in G Minor
  3. Mazurka Op.30 No.3 in D flat
  4. Mazurka Op.50 No.3 in C sharp Minor
  5. Mazurka Op.59 No.2 in A flat
  6. Mazurka Op.7 No.1 in B flat
  7. Piano Sonata No.3 in D Minor Op.49: I. Allegro feroce
  8. Piano Sonata No.3 in D Minor Op.49: II. Andante con moto
  9. Piano Sonata No.3 in D Minor Op.49: III. Rondo: Presto
  10. Barcarolle
  11. Petit Conte
  12. Études d’exécution transcendante: Ricordanza
  13. Études d’exécution transcendante: Harmonies du soir