Requiem

Composer Antonín Dvorák, Johannes Ockeghem, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Artist Various artist
Format 16 CD
Cat. number 95104
EAN code 5028421951041
Release October 2015

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About this release

Throughout time, composers have repeatedly been drawn to write music around the rituals and practices of death. This release showcases a comprehensive collection of these works through the ages, from the Gregorian hymns of early Christianity right up to modern laments of the 20th century. The haunting early music is sung by the all-male ensemble Schola Cantorum Karolus Magnus; Schola Cantorum Stuttgart perform Ockeghem’s Missa pro defunctis, while Purcell’s magnificent Funeral Sentences for Queen Mary are performed by the highly acclaimed Choir of Clare College, Cambridge, supported by Baroque Brass of London. The choir also sing Renaissance lamentations on the theme of death, concentrating in particular on standout English composers of the period, including William Byrd and Thomas Tallis.

Following a collection of moving 17th-century funeral music – comprising in particular Schütz’ exquisite Musikalische Exequien, written for the death of Prince Heinrich der Jüngere – the first actual ‘Requiem’ is that of Mozart, written in 1791 and completed by Franz Süssmayr. One of his most performed works, the soaring ‘Lacrimosa’ is astonishing in its beauty and simplicity. Unsettlingly, the work was unfinished at the composer’s death, and it is even said that Mozart believed he was writing it for his own funeral.

The Requiems by Cherubini and Dvořák mark the composers’ deviations from what was fast becoming a standard form: Cherubini asked for women’s voices in his work, leading to the composition being banned in 1834, and Dvorák moved the established text around, inserting a beautifully introspective Pie Jesu movement between the Sanctus and Agnus Dei, featuring the soloists without the choir.

Moving even further away from the traditional setting, Brahms’ Ein deutsches Requiem is unusual for featuring a German-language text rather than Latin. Brahms stated that the ‘deutsches’ in the title did not refer to the intended audience but the language, and that he would gladly have called it ‘menschliches’: ‘A human Requiem’. This release features acclaimed singers Anna Tomowa-Sintow and Günther Leib in an historic recording from 1973.

Two of the most famous Requiems also feature on this release, those of Fauré and Verdi. The stormy Dies Irae from Verdi’s Requiem marks a contrast to Fauré’s transcendent Sanctus, with its stripped back harp and string figure. Lesser known Requiems from this period also feature, with Schumann’s masterful work, inspired by his interest in mysticism, and Berlioz’s Grande Messe des morts, with its vast orchestration including four offstage brass groups, performed here by the Utah Symphony Orchestra with Maurice Abravanel at the helm.

Several composers of the 20th century were inspired to write their own Requiems, including Pizzetti, Howells and Puccini; all three of these smaller works are performed by the Camerata Vocale Freiburg, showcasing the composers’ knack for intimacy, taking inspiration at times from Gregorian tradition. The release finishes with one of the finest works of the 20th century: Benjamin Britten’s War Requiem, composed to commemorate the rebuilding of Coventry Cathedral, destroyed in the Second World War, and using excerpts from Wilfred Owen’s poetry of the First. It is accompanied on this recording by Penderecki’s Threnody, written in memory of the victims of Hiroshima, and Berg’s Violin Concerto, a superb lamentation for the dead without words.

This unique box set brings together the most important and well known Requiems and liturgical music for the dead, spanning a near 1000 years. Starting with the Gregorian Chant we move to the Renaissance with a Requiem by Ockeghem, through works by Desprez, Palestrina, Purcell, and Praetorius we arrive at the most “popular” requiem ever written, by Mozart. Following are Requiems by Schumann, Cherubini, Dvořák, Berlioz, Brahms, Fauré, Duruflé, Verdi, Puccini, Howells, Pizzetti and Britten.

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Anonymous: Media vita
  2. Anonymous: Regem cui
  3. Anonymous: Qui vivis
  4. Anonymous: Sitivi
  5. Anonymous: Credo quod redemptor
  6. Anonymous: A porta inferi
  7. Anonymous: Qui lacrimatus
  8. Anonymous: Si iniquitates
  9. Anonymous: Placebo Domino
  10. Anonymous: Requiem aeternam
  11. Anonymous: Kyrie, eleison
  12. Anonymous: Requiem aeternam, Pt. I
  13. Anonymous: Requiem aeternam, Pt. II
  14. Anonymous: Absolve, Domine
  15. Anonymous: Domine Iesu Christe
  16. Anonymous: Sanctus
  17. Anonymous: Agnus Dei
  18. Anonymous: Lux aeterna
  19. Anonymous: Subvenite
  20. Anonymous: Libera me, Domine, de viis
  21. Anonymous: In paradisum
  22. Anonymous: Ego sum resurrection
  23. Anonymous: Aperite mihi
  24. Anonymous: Dies irae

Disk 2

  1. Johannes Ockeghem: Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Introitus. Requiem aeternam
  2. Johannes Ockeghem: Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Kyrie
  3. Johannes Ockeghem: Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Graduale. Si ambulem
  4. Johannes Ockeghem: Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Tractus. Sicut cervus
  5. Johannes Ockeghem: Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Offertorium. Domine Jesu Christe
  6. Henry Purcell: Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Funeral March I
  7. Henry Purcell: Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Man That Is Born of a Woman
  8. Henry Purcell: Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: In the Midst of Life
  9. Henry Purcell: Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Canzona
  10. Henry Purcell: Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Thou Knowest, Lord
  11. Henry Purcell: Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Funeral March II

Disk 3

  1. Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina: Stabat mater
  2. Gregorio Allegri: Miserere
  3. Robert Ramsey: How are the mighty fallen
  4. Thomas Weelkes: When David heard
  5. Thomas Tallis: Lamentations
  6. Tomás Luis De Victoria: O vos omnes
  7. Josquin Des Prez: Déploration sur la mort
  8. Carlo Gesualdo Da Venosa: O vos omnes
  9. Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina: Super flumina Babyloni
  10. Josquin Des Prez: Absalon, fili mi
  11. William Byrd: Civitas sancti tui
  12. Thomas Tomkins: When David heard
  13. George Kirbye: Vox in Rama

Disk 4

  1. Heinrich Schütz: Musikalische Exequien Op. 7: Nacket bin ich von Mutterleibe kommen SWV 279
  2. Michael Praetorius: Musae Sioniae BVIII: Herzlich lieb hab ich dich
  3. Heinrich Schütz: Musikalische Exequien Op. 7: Herr, wenn ich nur dich habe SWV 280
  4. Heinrich Schütz: Musikalische Exequien Op. 7: Herr, nun lässest du deinen Diener – Selig sind die Toten SWV 281
  5. Michael Praetorius: Musae Sioniae BVIII: Mit Fried und Freud ich fahr dahin
  6. Michael Praetorius: Musae Sioniae BVIII: Hört auf mit Weinen und Klagen
  7. Johann Hermann Schein: Threnus
  8. Heinrich Schütz: Geistliche Chor-Musik Op. 11: X. Die mit Tränen säen SWV 378
  9. Heinrich Schütz: Geistliche Chor-Musik Op. 11: XX. Das ist je gewißlich wahr SWV 388
  10. Johannes Christoph Demantius: Quis dabit oculis

Disk 5

  1. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: I. Introitus. Requiem aeternam (chorus/soprano)
  2. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: II. Kyrie (chorus)
  3. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Dies irae (chorus)
  4. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Tuba mirum (soloists)
  5. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Rex tremendae (chorus)
  6. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Recordare (soloists)
  7. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Confutatis (chorus)
  8. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Lacrimosa (chorus)
  9. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: IV. Offertorium. Domine Jesu (chorus/soloists)
  10. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: IV. Offertorium. Versus. Hostias (chorus)
  11. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: V. Sanctus (chorus)
  12. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: VI. Benedictus (soloists/chorus)
  13. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: VII. Agnus dei (chorus)
  14. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: VIII.Communio. Lux aeterna (soprano/chorus)

Disk 6

  1. Luigi Cherubini: Requiem in D Minor: I. Introitus and Kyrie
  2. Luigi Cherubini: Requiem in D Minor: II. Graduale
  3. Luigi Cherubini: Requiem in D Minor: III. Dies irae
  4. Luigi Cherubini: Requiem in D Minor: IV. Offertorium
  5. Luigi Cherubini: Requiem in D Minor: V. Sanctus
  6. Luigi Cherubini: Requiem in D Minor: VI. Pie Jesu
  7. Luigi Cherubini: Requiem in D Minor: VII. Agnus dei
  8. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: I. Introitus. Requiem aeternam. Kyrie(chorus/soloists)
  9. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: II. Graduale. Requiem aeternam (soprano/chorus)
  10. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Dies irae (chorus)
  11. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Tuba mirum (alto/tenor/bass/chorus)
  12. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Quid sum miser (soloists/chorus)

Disk 7

  1. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Recordare, Jesu pie (soloists)
  2. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Confutatis maledictis (chorus)
  3. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Lacrimosa (soloists/chorus)
  4. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: IV. Offertorium. Domine Jesu Christe (soloists/chorus)
  5. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: IV. Offertorium. Hostias (soloists/chorus)
  6. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: V. Sanctus (soloists/chorus)
  7. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: VI. Pie Jesu (soprano/alto/tenor/chorus)
  8. Antonín Dvorák: Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: VII. Agnus Dei (soloists/chorus)

Disk 8

  1. Johannes Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: I. Selig sind, die da Leid tragen (chorus)
  2. Johannes Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: II. Denn alles Fleisch, es ist wie Gras (chorus)
  3. Johannes Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: III. Herr, lehre doch mich (baritone/chorus)
  4. Johannes Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: IV. Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen (chorus)
  5. Johannes Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: V. Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit (soprano/chorus)
  6. Johannes Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: VI. Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt (baritone/chorus)
  7. Johannes Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: VII. Selig sind die Toten (chorus)

Disk 9

  1. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: I. Requiem et kyrie
  2. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: II. Dies irae
  3. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: III. Quid sum miser
  4. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: IV. Rex tremendae
  5. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: V. Quaerens me
  6. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: VI. Lacrymosa
  7. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: VII. Offertoire
  8. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: VIII. Hostias

Disk 10

  1. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: IX. Sanctus
  2. Hector Berlioz: Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: X. Agnus Dei
  3. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: I. Requiem. Requiem
  4. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: I. Requiem. Te decet hymnus
  5. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: II. Dies irae. Dies irae
  6. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: II. Dies irae. Liber scriptus
  7. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: II. Dies irae. Qui Mariam
  8. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: III. Offertorium. Domine Jesu
  9. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: III. Offertorium. Hostias
  10. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: IV. Sanctus
  11. Robert Schumann: Requiem, Op. 148: V. Benedictus, VI. Agnus Dei, VII.Lux aeterna

Disk 11

  1. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: I. Requiem
  2. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: II. Kyrie
  3. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: I. Dies irae
  4. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: II. Tuba mirum
  5. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: III. Mors stupebit
  6. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: IV. Liber scriptus
  7. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: V. Quid sum miser
  8. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: VI. Rex tremendae
  9. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: VII. Recordare
  10. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: VIII. Ingemisco
  11. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: IX. Confutatis
  12. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: X. Dies irae
  13. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: XI. Lacrymosa

Disk 12

  1. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: III. Domine Jesu Christe
  2. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: IV. Hostias
  3. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: IV. Sanctus
  4. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: V. Agnus Die
  5. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: VI. Lux aeterna
  6. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: I. Libera me
  7. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: II. Dies irae
  8. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: III. Requiem aeternam
  9. Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem: IV. Libera me

Disk 13

  1. Gabriel Fauré: Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: I. Introït et Kyrie
  2. Gabriel Fauré: Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: II. Offertoire
  3. Gabriel Fauré: Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: III. Sanctus
  4. Gabriel Fauré: Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: IV. Pie Jesu
  5. Gabriel Fauré: Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: V. Agnus Dei
  6. Gabriel Fauré: Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: VI. Libera me
  7. Gabriel Fauré: Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: VII. In paradisum
  8. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: I. Introït
  9. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: II. Kyrie
  10. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: III. Domine Jesu Christe
  11. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: IV. Sanctus
  12. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: V. Jesu
  13. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: VI. Agnus Dei
  14. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: VII. Lux aeterna
  15. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: VIII. Libera me
  16. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. 9: IX. In paradisum

Disk 14

  1. Ildebrando Pizzetti: Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: I. Requiem
  2. Ildebrando Pizzetti: Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: II. Dies irae
  3. Ildebrando Pizzetti: Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: III. Sanctus
  4. Ildebrando Pizzetti: Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: IV. Agnus Dei
  5. Ildebrando Pizzetti: Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: V. Libera me
  6. Herbert Howells: Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: I. Salvator mundi
  7. Herbert Howells: Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: II. Psalm 23
  8. Herbert Howells: Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: III. Requiem aeternam
  9. Herbert Howells: Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: IV. Psalm 12
  10. Herbert Howells: Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: V. Requiem aeternam
  11. Herbert Howells: Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: VI. I Heard a Voice from Heaven
  12. Giacomo Puccini: Requiem for Choir, Organ and Viola

Disk 15

  1. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: I. Requiem aeternam. Requiem aeternam (chorus/boys’ choir)
  2. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: I. Requiem aeternam. What Passing-bells (tenor)
  3. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: I. Requiem aeternam. Kyrie eleison (chorus)
  4. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Dies irae, dies illa (chorus)
  5. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Bugles Sang (baritone)
  6. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Liber scriptus proferetur (soprano/chorus)
  7. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Out There, We Qalked Quite Friendly up to Death (tenor/baritone)
  8. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Recordare, Jesu pie (chorus)
  9. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Be Slowly Lifted Up (baritone)
  10. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Dies irae, dies illa (chorus/soprano)
  11. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Lacrimosa (chorus). Move Him into the Sun (tenor)
  12. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Pie Jesu Domine (chorus)
  13. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: III. Offertorium. Domine Jesu Christe (boys’ choir)
  14. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: III. Offertorium. Sed Signifer sanctus Michael (chorus)
  15. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: III. Offertorium. So Abram Rose (baritone/tenor)
  16. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: III. Offertorium. Quam olim Abrahae (chorus)
  17. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: IV. Sanctus. Sanctus (soprano/chorus)
  18. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: IV. Sanctus. Hosanna – Benedictus – Hosanna (chorus/soprano)
  19. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66: IV. Sanctus. After the Blast (baritone)

Disk 16

  1. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66 : V. Agnus Dei. One Ever Hangs (tenor/chorus)
  2. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66 : VI. Libera me. Libera Me (chorus/soprano)
  3. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66 : VI. Libera me. It Seemed (tenor/baritone)
  4. Benjamin Britten: War Requiem, Op. 66 : VI. Libera me. Let Us Sleep Now (tenor/baritone/soprano/boys’ choir/chorus)
  5. Krzysztof Penderecki: Threnody “To the Victims of Hiroshima”
  6. Alban Berg: Violin Concerto: I. Andante – Allegretto
  7. Alban Berg: Violin Concerto: II. Allegro, ma sempre rubato, frei wie eine Kadenz – Adagio