Nocturnes from 19th Century Russia, Vol. 1

Nocturnes from 19th Century Russia, Vol. 1
Composer Anton Rubinstein, Alexander Glazunov, Alexander Scriabin, Konstantin Antipov, Karl Eduard Hartknoch, Michael Glinka, Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Vasily Kalinnikov
Artist Bart Van Oort piano
Format 1 CD
Cat. number 96966
EAN code 5028421969664
Release November 2023

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About this release

This recording, along with the forthcoming Vol.2, represents a first, comprehensive anthology of the Russian nocturne in its nearly two-hundred-year development. Some nocturnes are recorded here for the first time. The earliest Russian nocturnes were composed by Mikhail Glinka (1804–1857) and owe a debt to his teacher, the Irish composer John Field. The first, in E flat, was written in 1828 before his first trip to Italy. His Nocturne in F minor ‘La Séparation’, written at the height of his career, is styled like a ‘romance’ (song) without words. Karl Eduard Hartknoch (1796–1834) made his debut in 1816 as a concert pianist in Leipzig. In 1824 he moved to Russia, first to St. Petersburg and then to Moscow where he worked as a music teacher. He left a considerable number of piano compositions, including two concertos and the three Nocturnes Op.8. Anton Rubinstein (1829–1894) was a key figure in the history of Russian music, the first of the nation’s composers whose works for solo piano embodied the same serious artistic ideas as his symphonies and chamber music. He wrote eleven Nocturnes, two of them for piano four hands. The two Nocturnes by Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840–1893) were written in the 1870s and are regarded as real jewels of Russian music. Tchaikovsky was interested in the subtle movements of the human soul, and like his symphonic and operatic works, his nocturnes abound with the heartfelt poetry of everyday life. Alexander Scriabin (1872–1915) was famous during his lifetime as a piano virtuoso, known for performing his own music. Scriabin wrote the majority of his works for the piano, and the two Nocturnes Op.5 reveal the influence of Frederic Chopin (his model during his early years). While not the first, the Nocturne for the Left Hand in D Flat is perhaps the greatest 19th-century masterpiece written for the left hand. Konstantin Antipov (1859–1927) was a member of the Belyaev Group. He graduated from Rimsky-Korsakov’s composition class at the St Petersburg Conservatory in 1886. Antipov is the author of a symphonic allegro, piano pieces (including two nocturnes), romances and other works. Alexander Glazunov (1865–1936) was an outstanding composer, conductor, educator, and social activist. He worked at the St Petersburg Conservatory for almost 30 years, directing it for more than 20. His style is characterized by attention to texture, harmonic sumptuousness and clarity of melodic lines. Vasily Kalinnikov (1866–1900) lived a short but eventful and creative life. His most significant output was orchestral: symphonies, intermezzos and incidental music for Tolstoy’s Tsar Boris. He wrote just seven works for the piano in the 1890s. His impressionistic Nocturne in F-sharp minor resembles lyrical miniatures in the spirit of Tchaikovsky.

Other information:
- Recorded July 2022 in Ruiselede, Belgium
- Booklet in English contains liner notes on the music and each of the composers by Regina Vyacheslavovna Glazunova and a profile of the artist
- Bart van Oort plays an 1875 Steinway restored by Chris Maene

- A nocturne is a musical composition that is inspired by, or evocative of, the night. The term nocturne (from French nocturne 'of the night', also named Notturno) was first applied to musical pieces in the 18th century, when it indicated an ensemble piece in several movements, normally played for an evening occasion.
- In its form as a single-movement character piece usually written for solo piano, the nocturne was cultivated primarily in the 19th century. The first nocturnes to be written under the specific title were by the Irish composer John Field, generally considered as the father of the Romantic nocturne that features a cantabile melody over an arpeggiated, broken-chord accompaniment.
- This CD, and its successor Vol. 2, presents Nocturnes composed in Russia, written in a widely varying style, from the relatively simple Nocturnes by Glinka (the Father of Russian classical music), to the highly-perfumed, elaborate and sensual nocturnes by Alexander Scriabin.
- Played by Bart van Oort on a Steinway from 1875. Bart van Oort is a pioneer in historic pianos, his many recordings on period instruments on Brilliant Classics include works by Mozart, Haydn, J.C. Bach, Dussek and Chopin.


Track list

Disk 1

  1. Michael Glinka: Nocturne in F Minor, la séparation
  2. Michael Glinka: Nocturne in E-Flat Major
  3. Karl Eduard Hartknoch: Nocturne in B Minor, Op. 8 No. 2
  4. Anton Rubinstein: Nocturne in G-Flat Major, Op. 28 No. 1
  5. Anton Rubinstein: Nocturne in G Major, Op. 69 No. 2
  6. Anton Rubinstein: Nocturne in A-Flat Major, Op. 71 No. 1
  7. Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Nocturne in F Major, Op. 10 No. 1
  8. Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Nocturne in C-Sharp Minor, Op. 19 No. 4
  9. Alexander Scriabin: Nocturne in A-Flat Major, WoO 3
  10. Alexander Scriabin: Nocturne in F Minor, Op. 5 No. 1
  11. Alexander Scriabin: Nocturne in A Major, Op. 5 No. 2
  12. Alexander Scriabin: Nocturne in D-Flat Major, Op. 9 No. 2
  13. Konstantin Antipov: Nocturne in F-Sharp Minor, Op. 6 No. 2
  14. Konstantin Antipov: Nocturne in A-Flat Major, Op. 12
  15. Alexander Glazunov: Nocturne in D-Flat Major, Op. 37
  16. Vasily Kalinnikov: Nocturne in F-Sharp Minor No. 3