Stabat Mater

Stabat Mater
Artist various artists
Format 14 CD
Cat. number 95370
EAN code 5028421953700
Release February 2017

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About this release

The Stabat Mater depicts Mary standing at the cross of Jesus, weeping at the sight of her son's crucifixion. The poem asks us to share in Mary's pain ('Fac, ut ardeat cor meum') and rejoice in Christ's sacrifice for mankind. The timeless bond between a mother and her son transcends the shifting world around us. Mary's anguish crosses all boundaries, speaking to anyone who has seen a loved one suffering, humanising Christ for experiencing mortal pain even while lauding him as the saviour. Not only is the theme heartfelt and tender, but the Latin text is rhythmic and lyrical, lending itself perfectly to music.

The existing versions represent a wonderful diversity of styles. In Palestrina's time, it was important that the music did not interfere with the clarity of the words. His Stabat Mater for eight voices, therefore, is simple, resonant, and wonderfully moving. Vivaldi, Caldara and both Alessandro and Domenico Scarlatti were among the Baroque composers to try their hand next; Vivaldi only set the first ten stanzas, ending with the plea to experience Mary's suffering for ourselves. The music, melancholy and minor, contrasts with Caldara's setting, which includes two trombones.

Later composers include Luigi Boccherini, who wrote some florid lines for solo soprano, the only early setting to include a soloist. By the time Haydn came to write his own Stabat Mater in 1767 he would have been familiar with those of Pergolesi and Alessandro Scarlatti. It became Haydn's most performed work in his lifetime, notable for its swapping out of the oboes for two cors anglais in two of the movements, creating a graver and more melancholy sound.

Dvořák and Liszt both created highly personal settings of the poem: Liszt because of his
strong religious impulse – he wrote the Stabat Mater as part of his oratorio Christus while
living in the Vatican, having entered the lower orders – and Dvořák because of a string of personal tragedies. The Czech composer lost his eldest daughter Josefa in 1876, which prompted him to begin sketching the music, and he returned to the composition in 1877 after the deaths of his two surviving children in close succession.

A number of turn-of-the-century composers lent their romantic touch to the text. Verdi's version, scored for chorus and large orchestra, was written towards the end of his life, and is fully representative of his mature style. Stanford and Howells, both deeply embedded in the Anglican tradition, brought the Stabat Mater into the renaissance of British music. The Stabat Mater has lost none of its allure in more recent times: perhaps its enduring quality has become even more important since the momentous events of the 20th century. Poulenc composed his setting in 1950, stung by the recent death of his close friend Christian Bérard. Knut Nystedt, the Norwegian composer who died in 2014, composed his stripped down Stabat Mater in 1986, scored for choir and solo cello. Influenced by Gregorian chant and Palestrina, the composer brings us full circle to the earliest settings of this ageless poem.

Brilliant Classics has brought together a number of first-class performers for this set, including classic performances and new recordings. Harry Christophers conducts The Sixteen in their performance of Agostino Steffani's Stabat Mater dolorosa, featuring soloists Elin Manahan Thomas and Grace Davidson. Dvořák's Stabat Mater is stylishly performed by The Washington Chorus and Orchestra, conducted by Robert Shafer, alongside Christine Brewer and John Aler, in a performance recorded at Washington D.C.'s John F. Kennedy Center. Boccherini's Stabat Mater (released in July 2016 and praised by MusicWeb International as 'an engaging performance, high on polish and long on assurance') is performed by the young Ensemble Symposium, featuring Francesca Boncompagni.

The text of Stabat Mater Dolorosa, a hymn to the Virgin Mary, is attributed to Jacopo Todi (1230-1306). It is a lamentation upon the tragic fate of Mary, bewailing the suffering and death of her son Jesus Christ at the cross. This outpouring of grief and loss is of universal human appeal and has inspired many composers throughout history, writing music of the most heart wrenching beauty. This 14CD set is the most extensive collection of Stabat Maters ever collected, 23 in total. It includes the most famous Stabat Mater ever composed, that by Pergolesi, as well as by known and lesser composers from the Baroque well into the 20th century, closing with the moving Stabat Mater by Arvo Pärt.
Included are the original Stabat Mater text and liner notes written by Philip Borg-Wheeler specially for this. A worthy successor to the successful Brilliant Classics REQUIEM collection (BC95104).

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: II. Cujus animam gememtem
  3. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: III. O quam tristis et afflicta
  4. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: IV. Quae moerabat et dolebat
  5. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: V. Quis est homo qui non fleret
  6. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: VI. Vidit suum dulcem natum
  7. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: VII. Eja Mater, fons amoris
  8. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: VIII. Fac, ut ardeat cor meum
  9. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: IX. Sancta mater, istud agas
  10. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: X. Fac, ut portem Christi mortem
  11. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: XI. Inflammatus et accensus
  12. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: XII. Quando corpus morietur
  13. Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina: Stabat mater
  14. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: I. Stabat mater
  15. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: II. Cujus animam
  16. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: III. O quam tristis
  17. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: IV. Quis est homo
  18. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: V. Quis non posset
  19. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: VI. Pro peccatis
  20. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: VII. Eja mater
  21. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: VIII. Fac, ut ardeat
  22. Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat mater, RV 621: IX. Amen

Disk 2

  1. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: II. Cujus animam gememtem
  3. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: III. O quam tristis
  4. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: IV. Quis est homo qui non fleret
  5. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: V. Quis non posset contristari
  6. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: VI. Pro peccatis suae gentis
  7. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: VII. Vidit suum dulcem natum
  8. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: VIII. Eja mater, fons amoris
  9. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: IX. Sancta mater, istud agas
  10. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: X. Fac, ut ardeat cor meum
  11. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: XI. Tui nati vulnerati
  12. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: XII. Juxta crucem tecum stare
  13. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: XIII. Virgo virginum praeclara
  14. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: XIV. Fac, ut portem Christi mortem
  15. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: XV. Inflammatus et accensus
  16. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: XVI. Fac me cruce custodiri
  17. Alessandro Scarlatti: Stabat mater: XVII. Quando corpus morietur
  18. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  19. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: II. Cujus animam gememtem
  20. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: III. Quis est homo
  21. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: IV. Sancta mater
  22. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: V. Tui nati vulnerati
  23. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: VI. Fac me tecum
  24. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: VII. Juxta crecum
  25. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: VIII. Virgo virginum
  26. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: IX. Fac, ut portem
  27. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: X. Flammis nu urar succensus
  28. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: XI. Christe, cum sit hinc exire
  29. Antonio Caldara: Stabat mater in G Minor: XII. Fac ut animae donator

Disk 3

  1. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: I. Stabat mater. Largo chorus
  2. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: II. O quam tristis. Andante soprano
  3. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: III. Quis est homo. Andante soprano, alto
  4. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: IV. Pro peccatis. Adagio alto
  5. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: V. Eja Mater. Cantabile alto
  6. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: VI. Sancta mater. Tempo giusto chorus
  7. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: VII. Fac me vere tecum stare. Sostenuto alto
  8. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: VIII. Juxta crucem. Andante bass
  9. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: IX. Virgo virginum. Tempo giusto chorus
  10. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: X. Fac, ut portem. Vivace tenor
  11. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: XI. Fac me plagis vulnerary. Adagio alto, tenor, chorus
  12. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: XII. Inflammatus alto, tenor, chorus
  13. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: XIII. Fac me cruce custodiri. Tempo giusto bass
  14. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: XIV. Fac me cruce custodiri. Affettuoso soprano
  15. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: XV. Quando corpus. Largo e pianissimo chorus
  16. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Stabat mater in C Minor: XVI. Paradisi Gloria. Adagio soprano, alto, tenor, bass, chorus
  17. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Dio e la vergine: I. Recitativo. Non anche avea natura Dio
  18. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Dio e la vergine: II. Aria. Vergine bella Dio
  19. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Dio e la vergine: III. Recitativo. Signor, poiché a te piacque Vergine
  20. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Dio e la vergine: IV. Aria. Io voglio solo Vergine
  21. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Dio e la vergine: V. Recitativo. Da me fosti Dio, Vergine
  22. Antonio Maria Bononcini: Dio e la vergine: VI. Duetto. Sei tutta bella Dio, Vergine

Disk 4

  1. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: I. Stabat mater dolorosa EMT
  2. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: II. Cujus animam gementem EMT, GD, MD, chorus
  3. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: III. Quis est homo qui non fleret JB, MD
  4. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: IV. Pro peccatis suae gentis chorus
  5. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: V. Vidit suum dulcem natum RM
  6. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: VI. Eja mater, fons amoris EMT, GD, JB, MD, chorus
  7. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: VII. Fac me vere tecum flere MD, chorus
  8. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: VIII. Virgo virginum praeclara JB, MD, RM
  9. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: IX. Fac, ut portem Christi mortem EMT, GD, MD
  10. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: X. Fac me plagis vulnerari chorus
  11. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: XI. Inflammatus et accensus JB, MD, RM
  12. Agostino Steffani: Stabat mater dolorosa: XII. Quando corpus morietur chorus
  13. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: I. Stabat mater
  14. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: II. Cujus animam
  15. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: III. Quae moerebat
  16. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: IV. Quis est homo
  17. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: V. Pro peccatis
  18. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: VI. Eja mater
  19. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: VII. Tui nati vulnerati
  20. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: VIII. Virgo virginum
  21. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: IX. Fac, ut portem
  22. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: X. Fac me plagis
  23. Luigi Boccherini: Stabat mater G. 532: XI. Quando corpus

Disk 5

  1. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: II. Cujus animam gementem
  3. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: III. Quis non posset
  4. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: IV. Eja mater, fons amoris
  5. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: V. Sancta mater, istud agas
  6. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: VI. Fac me vere tecum
  7. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: VII. Juxta crucem
  8. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: VIII. Inflammatus et accensus
  9. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: IX. Fac, ut animae donetur
  10. Domenico Scarlatti: Stabat mater: X. Amen
  11. Lorenzo Perosi: Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater. Andante con vita
  12. Lorenzo Perosi: Stabat mater: II. Pro peccatis. Adagio
  13. Lorenzo Perosi: Stabat mater: III. Tui nati. Andantino
  14. Lorenzo Perosi: Stabat mater: IV. Fac, ut portem. Andante

Disk 6

  1. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: II. O quam tristis et afflicta
  3. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: III. Quis est homo
  4. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: IV. Quis non posset
  5. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: V. Pro peccatis suae gentis
  6. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: VI. Videt suum dulcem natum
  7. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: VII. Eja mater, fons amoris
  8. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: VIII. Sancta mater, istud agas
  9. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: IX. Fac me verum tecum flere
  10. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: X. Virgo virginum praeclara
  11. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: XI. Flammis arci ne succendor
  12. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: X. Fac me cruci custodiri
  13. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: XI. Quando corpus morietur
  14. Franz Joseph Haydn: Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: XII. Paradisi gloria
  15. Franz Schubert: Stabat mater in G minor D. 175

Disk 7

  1. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: II. Cujus animam gementem
  3. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: III. Quis est homo
  4. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: IV. Pro peccatis
  5. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: V. Eja, mater, fons amoris
  6. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: VI. Sancta mater
  7. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: VII. Fac, ut portem
  8. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: VIII. Inflammatus et accensus
  9. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: IX. Quando corpus morietur
  10. Gioacchino Rossini: Stabat mater: X. In sempiterna saecula

Disk 8

  1. Simon Mayr: Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Simon Mayr: Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: II. O quam tristis
  3. Simon Mayr: Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: III. Quis est homo
  4. Simon Mayr: Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: IV. Eja, mater
  5. Simon Mayr: Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: V. Eja, mater
  6. Simon Mayr: Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: VI. Virgo virginum
  7. Simon Mayr: Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: VII. Flammis ne urar
  8. Simon Mayr: Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: VIII. Quando corpus

Disk 9

  1. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: I. Stabat mater dolorosa soloists, chorus
  2. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: II. Quis est homo, qui non fleret soloists
  3. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: III. Eja, mater, fons amoris chorus
  4. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: IV. Fac, ut ardeat cor meum bass, chorus
  5. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: V. Tui nati vulnerati chorus
  6. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: VI. Fac me vere tecum flere tenor, chorus
  7. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: VII. Virgo virginum praeclara chorus

Disk 10

  1. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: I. Fac, ut portem Christi mortem soprano, tenor
  2. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: II. Inflammatus et accensus alto
  3. Antonín Dvorák: Stabat mater, Op. 58: III. Quando corpus morietur soloists, chorus
  4. Franz Lachner: Stabat mater, Op. 154: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  5. Franz Lachner: Stabat mater, Op. 154: II. Quis est homo
  6. Franz Lachner: Stabat mater, Op. 154: III. Eja Mater
  7. Franz Lachner: Stabat mater, Op. 154: IV. Fac me vere
  8. Franz Lachner: Stabat mater, Op. 154: V. Fac me plagis vulneraria

Disk 11

  1. Charles Stanford: Stabat mater, Op. 96: I. Prelude. Largo
  2. Charles Stanford: Stabat mater, Op. 96: II. Stabat mater. Andante molto espressivo soloists, chorus
  3. Charles Stanford: Stabat mater, Op. 96: III. Intermezzo. Allegro moderato
  4. Charles Stanford: Stabat mater, Op. 96: IV. Eja Mater. Allegretto soloists, chorus
  5. Charles Stanford: Stabat mater, Op. 96: V. Finale. Allegro soloists
  6. Giuseppe Verdi: Stabat mater from quattro pezzi sacri

Disk 12

  1. Karol Szymanowski: Stabat mater, Op. 53: I. Stabat mater dolorosa. Andante mesto soprano, chorus
  2. Karol Szymanowski: Stabat mater, Op. 53: II. Quis est homo qui non fleret. Moderato baritone, chorus
  3. Karol Szymanowski: Stabat mater, Op. 53: III. Eja mater, fons amoris. Lento dolcissimo soprano, alto, chorus
  4. Karol Szymanowski: Stabat mater, Op. 53: IV. Fac me tecum, pie, flere. Moderato soprano, alto, chorus
  5. Karol Szymanowski: Stabat mater, Op. 53: V. Virgo virginum praeclara. Allegro baritone, chorus
  6. Karol Szymanowski: Stabat mater, Op. 53: VI. Christe, cum sit hinc exire. Andante tranquillissimo soloists, chorus
  7. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  8. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: II. Cujus animam gementem
  9. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: III. O quam tristis
  10. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: IV. Quae moerebat
  11. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: V. Quis est homo
  12. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: VI. Vidit suum
  13. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: VII. Eja mater
  14. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: VIII. Fac ut ardeat
  15. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: XI. Sancta mater
  16. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: X. Fac, ut portem
  17. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: XI. Inflammatus et accensus
  18. Francis Poulenc: Stabat mater, FP 148: XII. Quando corpus

Disk 13

  1. Herbert Howells: Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Herbert Howells: Stabat mater: II. Cujus animam gementem
  3. Herbert Howells: Stabat mater: III. Quis est homo
  4. Herbert Howells: Stabat mater: IV. Eja, mater
  5. Herbert Howells: Stabat mater: V. Sancta mater —
  6. Herbert Howells: Stabat mater: VI. Fac, ut portem —
  7. Herbert Howells: Stabat mater: VII. Christe cum sit hinc exire
  8. Herbert Howells: Te deum
  9. Herbert Howells: Sine nomine

Disk 14

  1. Franz Liszt: Stabat mater dolorosa from the oratorio Christus, S. 172b
  2. Knut Nystedt: Stabat mater, Op. 111
  3. Arvo Pärt: Stabat mater