Tartini: Trio Sonatas

Tartini: Trio Sonatas
Composer Giuseppe Tartini
Artist Il Demetrio
Maurizio Schiavo violin I
Ayako Matsunaga violin II
Antonio Papetti cello
Danilo Costantini harpsichord
Format 1 CD
Cat. number 97017
EAN code 5028421970172
Release June 2024

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About this release

With 37 confirmed trio sonatas to his credit, Giuseppe Tartini is the most important Italian composer of his generation for this type of repertoire. It may seem odd therefore that these works have been so sorely neglected; indeed, as of 2022 only around 20 per cent of the repertoire had been recorded and a critical edition had yet to be published. This state of affairs was largely due to confusion regarding sources, with many divergent interpretations and uncertainties regarding the dates of the handwritten scores. Some order has been brought to this originally chaotic situation by the research carried out by Juan Mariano Porta from 2018 to 2022 as part of his doctoral studies, the result of which was the inclusion of the trio sonatas in the upcoming publications of the Edizione Nazionale delle Opere di Giuseppe Tartini, with advance materials made available to the Il Demetrio ensemble for recording.Giuseppe Tartini dedicated almost all his energy to his chosen instrument, the violin. His established corpus of works currently numbers 200 sonatas for violin and bass, 150 violin concertos, 37 trio sonatas, a handful of concertos for other instruments, and a small number of quartet sonatas and vocal compositions. Production of the trio sonatas began in the composer’s late-mature years, and their style would seem to correspond to Tartini’s final compositional period, described as a Drang nach absoluter Musik [urge for absolute music], which began around 1750 without a clear line of demarcation from what came before and continued until the composer’s death. The trend was towards simplicity, partly deriving from Tartini’s desire to put his theoretical speculations into practice. The trio sonatas no longer feature the virtuoso passages of earlier works. They present a binary form with regular phrasing. Their harmonic rhythm is slow, with the violins mainly proceeding in parallel triplets. The function of the bass is relegated one of harmonic support.

This recording contains the sonatas G1, D1, d1 A1, A2, A3, A6, and a1, which date to Tartini’s final compositional sub-period. They are little-known pieces, most of them hitherto unpublished.

- Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770) was a virtuoso violinist, composer, theoretician and teacher, a spider in the international cultural web in a time when Italy was the centre of the musical world, his violin school, the “School of Nations”, attracted musicians from all over Europe.
- Tartini’s 3-part Sonatas are modeled in 2 or 3 movements, slow-fast or fast-slow-fast, and bear witness of the incredible skill of Tartini’s string playing, being highly melodious works of great beauty and charm. They are played here with two violins, cello and harpsichord.
- The Italian group Il Demetrio is dedicated to explore hidden treasures from the Baroque, having discovered and performed works by Mysliveček, Rolla, Cagnoni and others. They collaborated with famous soloists like Giovanni Sollima and Avi Avital. They previously issued a recording of the 4-part Sonatas by Tartini, to great critical acclaim.

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in G Major, G01: I. Andante
  2. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in G Major, G01: II. Allegro assai
  3. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A02: I. Andantino
  4. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A02: II. Allegro
  5. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in D Major, D01: I. Allegro
  6. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in D Major, D01: II. Andante
  7. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in D Major, D01: III. Allegro
  8. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A06: I. Andante
  9. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A06: II. Allegro
  10. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in D Minor, d01: I. Andantino
  11. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in D Minor, d01: II. Allegro
  12. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A03: I. Andante
  13. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A03: II. Allegro
  14. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Minor, a01: I. Andante cantabile
  15. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Minor, a01: II. Allegro assai
  16. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A01: I. Allegro assai
  17. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A01: II. Andante
  18. Giuseppe Tartini: Trio Sonata in A Major, A01: III. Allegro assai