The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, volume 7

Composer Giles Farnaby, William Byrd
Artist Pieter-Jan Belder
Format 3 CD
Cat. number 95648
EAN code 5028421956480
Release April 2020

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About this release

Now into its seventh volume, Pieter-Jan Belder’s series continues to uncover more works from the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book. In this volume he turns his attention to the works of father and son Giles and Richard Farnaby, William Byrd, and selected anonymous works.

The book and its manuscripts provide us with an insight into Elizabethan and early Jacobean socio-cultural life. After the dissolution of the monasteries in 1536 by Henry VIII followed by Mary Tudor’s blood-soaked crackdown, it was clear that being a Protestant in Tudor England was risky business. Once Queen Elizabeth took the throne in 1558, she established a moderate form of Protestantism and halted the campaign of religious persecution. But the damage was already done, and many composers decided to steer clear of religion altogether and focus their efforts on secular music. (It is thought Farnaby was probably a Puritan sympathiser and Byrd hailed from a protestant background, although he switched to Catholicism later in life.) The
Fitzwilliam Virginal Book is a vital record of such works. Compiled in the late 1700s, the book today resides in a dedicated museum in Cambridge.

The first section of this release surveys Giles Farnaby’s musical output. Bony Sweet Robin is a setting of a popular Renaissance tune and Sir Walter Raleigh once in a letter to Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester wrote that Dudley was in the Queen’s favour, describing him as ‘her Sweet Robin’. This graceful arrangement is Continental in its nature and similar to the Italian madrigal, with a conjunct and cantabile melody line and through-composed structure. As for Richard Farnaby, the four pieces recorded here are all that survives of his output. Nobodyes jig is his best-known work; a playful dance which requires a skilled performer to successfully execute the fast-paced polyphonic music. The final part features works by Byrd as well as anonymous works including almans, pavans, and keyboard arrangements of lute pieces and popular ballads.

Pieter-Jan Belder is a musicologist as well as a polished performer, and his in-depth study of the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book makes for a highly informed performance practice. In this release, Belder has elected to play a harpsichord by Adlam Burnett after Ruckers and the muselar by Theo de Haas after Ruckers. In their entirety, the seven volumes so far released by Brilliant Classics bring this fascinating book to life and open up an exciting historical soundscape for everyone to discover and enjoy.

The 7th and last installment of one of the most prestigious and ambitious recording projects in Early Music: the complete Fitzwilliam Virginal Book!

The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book is the most famous, extensive and important collection of keyboard music from the English Elizabethan and Jacobean Era. Lodged in the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge it contains more than 300 works for the virginal, by composers such as John, Bull, William Byrd, Thomas Tomkins and many others.

This last volume presents two of the most famous composers of the time: Giles Farnaby and William Byrd, rounded of by a series of anonymous works.

Pieter-Jan Belder plays on copies of Ruckers instruments, built by Titus Crijnen Adlam Burnett and Theo de Haas. The extensive booklet notes are written by the musicologist Jon Baxendale.

Pieter-Jan Belder, one of the world’s most respected and prolific harpsichordists, received rave reviews for his previous issues in this series: “..a captivating portrait..full of rhythmic drive..he displays a keen sense of rhythm…broad and brilliant gestures…one of the most important recording projects of this decade..”(Musicweb-International).

Listening

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Giles Farnaby: Alman R. Johnson set by Farnaby CXLVII
  2. Giles Farnaby: Grounde CCXL
  3. Giles Farnaby: Bony sweet Robin CXXVIII
  4. Giles Farnaby: A Gigge CCLXVII
  5. Giles Farnaby: Fantasia CCXXXIV
  6. Giles Farnaby: Praeludium CCXLVI
  7. Giles Farnaby: Fantasia CCVIII
  8. Giles Farnaby: The flatt Pavan CCLXXXIV
  9. Giles Farnaby: Fantasia CCXCVI
  10. Giles Farnaby: The L. Zouches Maske CCXXXIX
  11. Giles Farnaby: Fantasia CCXXIX
  12. Giles Farnaby: Tower Hill CCXLV
  13. Giles Farnaby: Fantasia ‘Ay me, poore heart’ CCXXXIII
  14. Giles Farnaby: Daphne CXII
  15. Giles Farnaby: Fantasia CCXXXVIII
  16. Giles Farnaby: Rosseters Galliard CCLXXXIII
  17. Giles Farnaby: Walter Erle’s Paven CCXXXV
  18. Giles Farnaby: Spagnioletta LIV

Disk 2

  1. : Up tails all (Giles) CCXLII
  2. : A Duo (Richard) CCXLVIII
  3. : Put up thy Dagger, Jemy (Giles) CXXVII
  4. : Nobodyes Gigge (Richard) CXLIX
  5. : Hanskin (Richard) CCXCVII
  6. : Why aske you (Giles) CCLXXXVI
  7. : Fayne would I wedd (Richard) CXCVII
  8. William Byrd: Pavana ‘Delight’ E. Johnson set by Byrd CCLXXVII
  9. William Byrd: Galiarda CCLXXVIII
  10. William Byrd: Miserere a3 CLXXVI
  11. William Byrd: Miserere a4 CLXXVII
  12. William Byrd: Callino Casturame CLVIII
  13. William Byrd: The Earl of Oxford’s Marche CCLIX
  14. William Byrd: Pavana ‘Bray’ XCI
  15. William Byrd: Galliard XCII
  16. William Byrd: Fortune LXV
  17. William Byrd: Alman CLXIII
  18. William Byrd: Galliard CLXIV
  19. William Byrd: Monsieur’s Alman LXI
  20. William Byrd: Monsieur’s Alman Variatio. LXII
  21. William Byrd: Alman CLVI

Disk 3

  1. William Byrd: A Gigg CLXXXI
  2. William Byrd: Pavan CCLVI
  3. William Byrd: Ut, mi, re CII
  4. William Byrd: Wolsey’s Wilde CLVII
  5. William Byrd: Praeludium XXIV
  6. William Byrd: Alman LXIII
  7. William Byrd: Corranto CCXLI
  8. William Byrd: Pescodd Time CCLXXVI
  9. William Byrd: The Ghost CLXII
  10. William Byrd: O Mistris myne LXVI
  11. William Byrd: Sir John Gray’s Galliard CXCI
  12. William Byrd: Gipseis Round CCXVI
  13. William Byrd: Malt’s come down CL
  14. : A Medley CLXXIII
  15. : Corranto Lady Riche CCLXV
  16. : Heaven and Earth CV
  17. : Praeludium CLI
  18. : A Toye CCLXVIII
  19. : Why aske you CLXI
  20. : Allemanda CCLXXIV
  21. : Praeludium CXX
  22. : Corranto CCLXVI