The Golden Age of the Guitar in Europe

The Golden Age of the Guitar in Europe
Artist Pascal Boëls guitar
Format 2 CD
Cat. number 96157
EAN code 5028421961576
Release December 2020

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About this release

One of the world’s foremost experts on the 10-string guitar, Pascal Boëls offers us a cross-section of the finest music for his instrument from around Europe in the Renaissance and the Baroque. He identifies this as the guitar’s ‘golden age’ – rather than the later proliferation of guitar music in pre-Romantic Europe, from Spain and Italy through Paris, London and Vienna, even as far as Moscow – because in the 16th and 17th centuries, the guitar and its plucked-string ancestors reigned supreme, whereas the later guitar music, although often of great quality, could not compete with the genius poured by the great composers of the day into the fortepiano.

Renaissance Spain in particular was a bastion of the art, where the 12-string vihuela inspired an immense corpus of great quality, often enhanced with the mystical qualities of plainchant. The musical range on Disc Two of this set is quite comprehensive: court music, fantasies, variations or glosses on secular melodies (Josquin des Prez’s Mille regretz for example) and liturgical music. As the piano did in the 19th century, the vihuela in the Renaissance served as a platform for reductions of works for larger forces, making the great polyphonic music of the time more readily accessible to the masses and to individual players.

The artist devotes Disc One to lands further north, where the guitar was often overshadowed by the lute, especially in England and Germany. Yet a portrait of this age in Europe would not be complete without the lute players Dowland (early Baroque) and Weiss (late Baroque) whose music is a perfect match for Boëls’ instrument.

This very personal selection is a small but evocative sample of a vast yet paradoxically little-known repertoire, that nevertheless goes a long way to helping the classical guitar further stand the test of time.

This fascinating program focuses on the two most important eras for the guitar: Spain and the European Baroque.
In Spain lays the origin of the guitar, where the vihuela - another guitar of the Golden Age, already equipped with six rows of strings - was to produce an immense corpus of great quality, often inspired by the Flemish polyphonists and plainchant. Many vihuelists considered their instrument as a perfection, "more perfect than the harp and the keyboard and also more difficult" and suggested it could exorcise evil spirits, thus giving it a transcendent quality much like the lyre of Orpheus or the zither from the Psalms of David. Presented here are works by De Narvaez, Mudarra, Milan, Sanz and Valderrabano.
The other era presented here is the rich European guitar heritage with works by Roncalli, De Visée, Dowland, Weiss and Losy.
Played by Pascal Boëls, who is regarded as one of the best current specialists of the ten-string guitar, with the extension of the bass notes which permits an exact fidelity to the musical text.

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Ludovico Roncalli: Sonata No. 2, quarto tono in E Minor: I. Preludio
  2. Ludovico Roncalli: Sonata No. 2, quarto tono in E Minor: II. Alemanda
  3. Ludovico Roncalli: Sonata No. 2, quarto tono in E Minor: III. Giga
  4. Ludovico Roncalli: Sonata No. 2, quarto tono in E Minor: IV. Sarabanda
  5. Ludovico Roncalli: Sonata No. 2, quarto tono in E Minor: V. Gavotta
  6. Ludovico Roncalli: Sonata No. 2, quarto tono in E Minor: VI. Passacaglia
  7. John Dowland: Lachrimae pavan, P15
  8. John Dowland: A Fancy, P73
  9. Robert de Visée: Suite in G Major: I. Prélude
  10. Robert de Visée: Suite in G Major: II. Allemande
  11. Robert de Visée: Suite in G Major: III. Courante
  12. Robert de Visée: Suite in G Major: IV. Sarabande
  13. Robert de Visée: Suite in G Major: V. Gigue
  14. Robert de Visée: Suite in G Major: VI. Chaconne
  15. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: I. Prélude
  16. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: II. Allemande
  17. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: III. Courante
  18. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: IV. Sarabande I
  19. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: V. Sarabande II
  20. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: VI. Gigue
  21. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: VII. Menuets I & II
  22. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: VIII. Bourrée
  23. Robert de Visée: Suite in D Minor: IX. Passacaille
  24. Silvius Leopold Weiss: Fantasie in C Minor, WeissSW9
  25. Jan Antonín Losy: Partita in A Minor: I. Aria
  26. Jan Antonín Losy: Partita in A Minor: II. Allemande
  27. Jan Antonín Losy: Partita in A Minor: III. Capriccio
  28. Jan Antonín Losy: Partita in A Minor: IV. Sarabande
  29. Jan Antonín Losy: Partita in A Minor: V. Gavotte
  30. Jan Antonín Losy: Partita in A Minor: VI. Gigue

Disk 2

  1. Luis de Narváez: Mille regres la canción del rmperador, del quarto tono, de Jusquin
  2. Luis de Milán: Fantasia VIII del quarto tono
  3. Alonso Mudarra: Fantasia VII
  4. Alonso Mudarra: Fantasia X, que contrahaze la harpa en la manera de Ludovico
  5. Alonso Mudarra: Kyrie primero, de la missa de beata virgine de Josquin glosado, primer tono
  6. Luis de Narváez: 6 diferencias sobre o gloriosa domina, primer tono: I. Diferencia I
  7. Luis de Narváez: 6 diferencias sobre o gloriosa domina, primer tono: II. Diferencia II, de dos tiples sobre el tenor
  8. Luis de Narváez: 6 diferencias sobre o gloriosa domina, primer tono: III. Diferencia III, a duo
  9. Luis de Narváez: 6 diferencias sobre o gloriosa domina, primer tono: IV. Diferencia IV, de proporción
  10. Luis de Narváez: 6 diferencias sobre o gloriosa domina, primer tono: V. Diferencia V, el canto llano por tiple
  11. Luis de Narváez: 6 diferencias sobre o gloriosa domina, primer tono: VI. Dupla, diferencia VI, el canto llano por tiple
  12. Enríquez de Valderrábano: 4 diferencias sobre la pavana por grados
  13. Gaspar Sanz: Instrucción de música sobre la guitarra Española, libro II: XVIII. Marizápalos
  14. Gaspar Sanz: Instrucción de música sobre la guitarra Española, libro I: XLVII. Fuga I, por primer tono, al ayre español
  15. Gaspar Sanz: Instrucción de música sobre la guitarra Española, libro II: IV. Folias
  16. Gaspar Sanz: Instrucción de música sobre la guitarra Española, libro II: XXII. Pavanas por la D
  17. Gaspar Sanz: Instrucción de música sobre la guitarra Española, libro I: XXXIII. Passacalles sobre la D